Countries must, among other things, report on their greenhouse gas inventories and their progress against their targets, so that external experts can assess their success. Countries should also review their commitments by 2020 and present new targets every five years to further reduce emissions. They must participate in a „comprehensive state of affairs“ to measure collective efforts in order to achieve the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement. In the meantime, developed countries must also assess the financial assistance they will provide to developing countries to help them reduce their emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. At the 2015 Paris conference, at which the agreement was negotiated, developed countries reaffirmed their commitment to mobilize $100 billion a year to finance climate by 2020 and agreed to continue mobilizing $100 billion a year by 2025.  The commitment refers to the existing plan to allocate $100 billion per year to developing countries for climate change adaptation and climate change mitigation.  The authors of the agreement have built a time line for the withdrawal that President Trump must follow – which prevents him from irreparably harming our climate. We have one of the most frequent energy reserves in the world, enough to lift America`s poorest working people out of poverty. But as part of this agreement, we are effectively locking up these reserves and taking the great wealth of our nation – it is a great wealth, it is a phenomenal wealth. Not so long ago, we had no idea that we had such wealth and that we were leaving millions and millions of families trapped in poverty and unemployment. Nicolas Holiber`s old wood carvings highlight the threat that climate change poses to bird towns. The Paris Agreement, adopted in Paris on 12 December 2015 and signed on 22 April 2016 at UN headquarters in New York, came into force on 4 November 2016 after being ratified by 96 states (compared to 188 previously) and reflects the resurgence of strong international climate ambitions. As President of the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21), France has mobilized for rapid ratification of the Paris Agreement and has made the fight against global warming a priority on its diplomatic agenda.
Under the Paris Agreement, each country must define, plan and report regularly on its contribution to the fight against global warming.  There is no mechanism for a country to set an emission target for a specified date, but any target should go beyond the previous targets. The United States formally withdrew from the agreement the day after the 2020 presidential election, although President-elect Joe Biden said America would return to the agreement after his inauguration.  Developed countries have committed, under the UNFCCC, to support mitigation and adaptation efforts in developing countries. Under the Copenhagen and Cancun agreements, developed countries have pledged to mobilize $100 billion in public and private financing per year for developing countries by 2020. The Paris Agreement establishes a global framework to prevent dangerous climate change by limiting global warming to a level well below 2 degrees Celsius and by making efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius. It also aims to strengthen countries` capacity to cope with the effects of climate change and to assist them in their efforts. Another key difference between the Paris Agreement and the Kyoto Protocol is its scope. While the Kyoto Protocol distinguishes between Schedule 1 countries and those not annexed to Schedule 1, this branch is scrambled in the Paris Agreement, as all parties must submit emission reduction plans.  As the Paris Agreement continues to emphasize the principle of „common but differentiated responsibility and respective capabilities“ – the recognition that different nations have capabilities